[Value of controlled attenuation parameter in diagnosis of fatty liver using FibroScan]

2016 Zhonghua Gan Zang Bing Za Zhi 24;2 (108-113)

OBJECTIVE: To investigate the value of controlled attenuation parameter (CAP) in the diagnosis of fatty liver using FibroScan in patients with chronic liver disease (CLD). METHODS: A prospective cohort study was performed for the patients with chronic hepatitis B (CHB), chronic hepatitis C (CHC), and non-alcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) who underwent liver pathological examination followed by CAP measurement within 1 week in The Second People's Hospital of Tianjin from February 2013 to May 2014. According to related guidelines, hepatocyte steatosis was classified as S0: /=67%. The receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curves were plotted with positive results as the diagnostic criteria, and the optimal cut-off values were determined at the maximum Youden index. Single linear regression and multiple stepwise regression were applied to analyze the influencing factors for CAP. RESULTS: A total of 427 patients were enrolled, consisting of 19 patients (4.4%) with NAFLD, 383 (89.7%) with CHB, and 25 (5.9%) with CHC. The optimal cut-off values for CAP in the diagnosis of steatosis >/=5%, >/=34%, and >/=67% were 230 dB/m, 252 dB/m, and 283 dB/m, respectively, and the areas under the ROC curve were 0.803, 0.942, and 0.938, respectively (Z = 14.194, 28.385, and 16.486, respectively, all P /=S2, respectively. CONCLUSION: CAP has a good value in the diagnosis of fatty liver in CLD patients, and can well differentiate between all stages of fatty liver except S2 and S3. CAP is influenced by BMI, but is not found to be associated with liver fibrosis, inflammation, liver stiffness measurement, and etiology.

Pubmed : 26983477