Treatment of chronic hepatitis C in HIV-infected patients with compensated liver cirrhosis

2011 Journal of viral hepatitis 18;8 (542-548)

The greatest benefit of hepatitis C virus (HCV) therapy is seen in cirrhotics attaining sustained virological response (SVR). However, concerns about toxicity and poorer responses often discourage treatment of cirrhotics. This may be particularly relevant in HIV-HCV-coinfected patients, in whom progression of liver fibrosis is faster and treatment responses lower. This is a retrospective analysis of HIV-HCV-coinfected patients who had received peginterferon-ribavirin therapy at our institution. Individuals naive for interferon in whom liver fibrosis had been assessed using elastometry within the year before being treated were chosen. Response rates and toxicities were compared in cirrhotics (>14.5 KPa) and noncirrhotics. Patients with previous liver decompensation were excluded. Overall, 41 cirrhotics and 190 noncirrhotics entered the study. Groups were similar in age, gender, HCV genotypes and baseline serum HCV-RNA. SVR occurred at similar rates in cirrhotic and noncirrhotics, either considered by intention-to-treat (39%vs 45%; P = 0.4) or as treated (50%vs 52%, P = 0.8). In multivariate analysis (odds ratio, 95% CI, P), SVR was associated with HCV genotypes 2-3 (5, 2.9-11,

Pubmed : 20819149