Transient elastography of the liver in children with Wilson's disease: Preliminary results

2016 Journal of Clinical Ultrasound 44;2 (65-71)

PURPOSE: In chronic liver diseases, liver stiffness (LS) is increased, primarily because of liver fibrosis, but other factors, such as intrahepatic deposits, may also be involved. We hypothesized that intrahepatic copper accumulation occurring in Wilson's disease (WD) also leads to an increase in LS. The aim of this study was thus to investigate the changes in LS during treatment in pediatric patients with WD. METHODS: Consecutive patients younger than 18 years old, whose WD was diagnosed between 2008 and 2013, were enrolled. All patients underwent testing for liver function and urinary copper excretion, and LS was measured on transient elastography at baseline and at 6- to 12-month intervals during specific therapy. RESULTS: Nine patients were included in the analysis; only two were diagnosed with cirrhosis. The median LS decreased during treatment from 15.1 kPa (range, 5.1-66 kPa) at baseline to 10 kPa (4-16.1 kPa) at follow-up interval 1, and to 6.1 kPa (3.9-11.6 kPa) at follow-up interval 2 (p

Pubmed : 26177868