Transient Elastography in End-Stage Renal Disease Patients on Hemodialysis: The Effect of Net Fluid Withdrawal

2015 Blood purification 40;3 (256-259)

BACKGROUND/AIMS: The impact of volume status on liver stiffness measurement (LSM) as measured by transient elastography (TE) as in end-stage renal disease (ESRD) was unclear. We evaluated LSM before and after hemodialysis (HD) and identified the associated factors if the difference of LSM existed. METHODS: A cross-sectional study was conducted in ESRD patients on regular HD. Subjects underwent TE and bioelectrical impedance before and after HD. RESULTS: Thirty-six patients were enrolled. Mean (SD) net fluid withdrawal volume (NFWV) per session was 2.55 (0.9) l. Median (range) pre- and post-HD LSMs were 5.38 (2.8-25.7) and 5.4 (2.8-26) kPa, respectively (p = 0.712). Mean differences of pre- and post-HD LSMs correlated with NFWV (r = 0.49, 95% CI 0.19-0.71, p = 0.002). CONCLUSION: In ESRD on regular HD, LSM is not affected by HD. TE can be done before or after HD with similar results. However, fluid excess at pre-HD can cause inaccurately high LSM.

Pubmed : 26430774