Transient elastography for the detection of hepatic fibrosis in HIV-monoinfected adults with elevated aminotransferases on antiretroviral therapy

2015 Aids 29;17 (2297-2302)

OBJECTIVE: Vibration-controlled transient elastography (VCTE) is increasingly used to assess liver fibrosis in viral hepatitis and fatty liver disease populations. Because the accuracy of VCTE in HIV-monoinfected populations has not been established, we evaluated its performance in assessing liver fibrosis in a cohort of HIV-monoinfected adults undergoing liver biopsy as part of a recently published clinical trial. METHODS: HIV-infected adults with elevated aminotransferase levels for at least 6 months while receiving antiretroviral therapy, and without chronic viral hepatitis or other known causes of liver disease, were prospectively evaluated by VCTE, other noninvasive markers of fibrosis, and percutaneous liver biopsy as part of a cross-sectional study examining liver pathology. RESULTS: Sixty-six patients were evaluated by VCTE and liver biopsy. The cohort was in the majority male (92%), with a median age of 50 years (range 17-68). Biopsy identified bridging fibrosis in 14 (21%) and nonalcoholic steatohepatitis in 38 (58%) participants. VCTE was unsuccessful or unreliable in seven participants (11%). In the 59 participants with reliable results, median liver stiffness measurement (LSM) was 5.9 kPa (range 3.3-29.2 kPa); 25 participants (42%) had a LSM above 7.1 kPa, a value consistent with increased liver stiffness in other populations. VCTE had good sensitivity and specificity with an area under the receiver-operating characteristic curve (AUROC) of 93% for detection of moderate fibrosis (Ishak F >/= 2; 95% confidence interval 86-99%). CONCLUSIONS: In HIV-monoinfected adults with biopsy-proven liver disease, LSM by VCTE was the best noninvasive predictor of fibrosis. Our findings support the continued use of VCTE for fibrosis screening in HIV-monoinfected patients with elevated aminotransferases.

Pubmed : 26544701