The VITRO Score (Von Willebrand Factor Antigen/Thrombocyte Ratio) as a New Marker for Clinically Significant Portal Hypertension in Comparison to Other Non-Invasive Parameters of Fibrosis Including ELF Test

2016 PLoS ONE 11;2 (e0149230)

BACKGROUND: Clinically significant portal hypertension (CSPH), defined as hepatic venous pressure gradient (HVPG) >/=10 mmHg, causes major complications. HVPG is not always available, so a non-invasive tool to diagnose CSPH would be useful. VWF-Ag can be used to diagnose. Using the VITRO score (the VWF-Ag/platelet ratio) instead of VWF-Ag itself improves the diagnostic accuracy of detecting cirrhosis/ fibrosis in HCV patients. AIM: This study tested the diagnostic accuracy of VITRO score detecting CSPH compared to HVPG measurement. METHODS: All patients underwent HVPG testing and were categorised as CSPH or no CSPH. The following patient data were determined: CPS, D'Amico stage, VITRO score, APRI and transient elastography (TE). RESULTS: The analysis included 236 patients; 170 (72%) were male, and the median age was 57.9 (35.2-76.3; 95% CI). Disease aetiology included ALD (39.4%), HCV (23.4%), NASH (12.3%), other (8.1%) and unknown (11.9%). The CPS showed 140 patients (59.3%) with CPS A; 56 (23.7%) with CPS B; and 18 (7.6%) with CPS C. 136 patients (57.6%) had compensated and 100 (42.4%) had decompensated cirrhosis; 83.9% had HVPG >/=10 mmHg. The VWF-Ag and the VITRO score increased significantly with worsening HVPG categories (P

Pubmed : 26895398