The feasibility and reliability of transient elastography using Fibroscan(R): a practice audit of 2335 examinations

2014 Canadian Journal of Gastroenterology & Hepatology 28;3 (143-149)

BACKGROUND: Liver stiffness measurement (LSM) using transient elastography is widely used in the management of patients with chronic liver disease. OBJECTIVES: To examine the feasibility and reliability of LSM, and to identify patient and operator characteristics predictive of poorly reliable results. METHODS: The present retrospective study investigated the frequency and determinants of poorly reliable LSM (interquartile range [IQR]median LSM [IQRM] >30% with median liver stiffness >/=7.1 kPa) using the FibroScan (Echosens, France) over a three-year period. Two experienced operators performed all LSMs. Multiple logistic regression analyses examined potential predictors of poorly reliable LSMs including age, sex, liver disease, the operator, operator experience (/=500 scans), FibroScan probe (M versus XL), comorbidities and liver stiffness. In a subset of patients, medical records were reviewed to identify obesity (body mass index >/=30 kgm2). RESULTS: Between July 2008 and June 2011, 2335 patients with liver disease underwent LSM (86% using the M probe). LSM failure (no valid measurements) occurred in 1.6% (n=37) and was more common using the XL than the M probe (3.4% versus 1.3%; P=0.01). Excluding LSM failures, poorly reliable LSMs were observed in 4.9% (n=113) of patients. Independent predictors of poorly reliable LSM included older age (OR 1.03 [95% CI 1.01 to 1.05]), chronic pulmonary disease (OR 1.58 [95% CI 1.05 to 2.37), coagulopathy (OR 2.22 [95% CI 1.31 to 3.76) and higher liver stiffness (OR per kPa 1.03 [95% CI 1.02 to 1.05]), including presumed cirrhosis (stiffness >/=12.5 kPa; OR 5.24 [95% CI 3.49 to 7.89]). Sex, diabetes, the underlying liver disease and FibroScan probe were not significant. Although reliability varied according to operator (P

Pubmed : 24619636