The correlation of controlled attenuation parameter results with ultrasound-identified steatosis in real-world clinical practice

2017 Journal of the Formosan Medical Association 116;11 (852-861)

BACKGROUND/PURPOSE: Controlled attenuation parameter (CAP) is a method for measuring steatosis based on FibroScan. Despite observer dependency, ultrasound (US) robustly diagnoses moderate and severe steatosis. Here, we aimed to evaluate the correlation of CAP with US-identified steatosis in real-world clinical practice. METHODS: CAP and US were performed for 1554 chronic liver disease (CLD) patients. CAP was performed by two technicians, and US was performed by 30 hepatologists. The performance of the CAP as compared with the US results was assessed using the area under the receiver operating characteristic curve (AUROC). RESULTS: 532 (34.2%) of the patients had hepatitis C virus (HCV) infection, 723 (46.5%) of the patients had hepatitis B virus (HBV) infection, and the rest were patients with metabolic risk factors. CAP values were significantly correlated with the steatosis grades identified by US for all the patients (rho = 0.497, P /=moderate steatosis identified by US in, respectively, all the patients, the HBV-infected patients, the HCV-infected patients, and the patients with metabolic risk factors. The AUROC values were 0.791, 0.868, 0.807 and 0.701 for severe steatosis identified by US in, respectively, all the patients, the HBV-infected patients, the HCV-infected patients, and the patients with metabolic risk factors. CONCLUSION: CAP values were well correlated with the steatosis grades assessed by US in real-world clinical practice.

Pubmed : 28888355