Serum ferritin levels predict histological severity in patients with nonalcoholic fatty liver disease in India

2015 Indian Journal of Gastroenterology 34;3 (200-208)

AIM: The aims of the study were to determine the levels of serum ferritin which predict fibrosis in Indian patients with nonalcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) and to establish correlation between Fibroscan values and serum ferritin levels. METHODS: The clinical, biochemical, radiologic, and histological findings of consecutive adult NAFLD patients accessed at a tertiary care center over a 3-year period were analyzed. Those with concurrent liver diseases were excluded. Fifty-five of 250 NAFLD patients with fatty liver on ultrasound and raised enzymes (>40 IU/L) underwent liver biopsy. Patients were stratified into two groups based on their histological stage steatosis (with or without inflammation) but no fibrosis and nonalcoholic steatohepatitis (NASH) with fibrosis/cirrhosis. Serum ferritin levels were measured at the same time as getting liver biopsy. Fibroscan was carried out in each of these patients. These were compared with 50 age- and sex-matched controls with normal ultrasound, liver enzymes, and no history of alcohol. Student's t test was used as the test for significance. RESULTS: Fifty-five NAFLD patients diagnosed on ultrasound and with raised enzymes underwent biopsy. Steatosis (with or without inflammation, but no fibrosis/ballooning) was seen in 35 patients, fibrosis/ballooning in 14 patients, and cirrhosis in 6 patients. Mean ferritin levels in groups with nonalcoholic fatty liver (NAFL) and nonalcoholic steatohepatitis (NASH) were 39.4 and 72.7 ng/mL, respectively (p

Pubmed : 26108652