Retreatment with sofosbuvir and simeprevir of patients with hepatitis C virus genotype 1 or 4 who previously failed a daclatasvir-containing regimen

2016 Hepatology 63;6 (1809-1816)

Failure to achieve sustained virological response (SVR) with hepatitis C virus (HCV) direct-acting antiviral-based regimens is commonly associated with emergence of resistance-associated variants (RAVs). To avoid cross-resistance, recent guidelines recommend that patients who have failed on nonstructural protein 5A (NS5A) inhibitors should be retreated with sofosbuvir (SOF; NS5B inhibitor) combined with simeprevir (SIM; protease inhibitor [PI]); however, supporting evidence is lacking. This "real-world" study comprised patients who had failed to achieve SVR on previous NS5A-based therapy with daclatasvir (DCV) plus pegylated interferon (Peg-IFN) and ribavirin (RBV), with (n = 3) or without (n = 13) asunaprevir (ASV; PI). All 16 patients were retreated for 12 weeks with SOF plus SIM, without RBV. Antiviral efficacy was evaluated using the primary endpoint of SVR12 (SVR 12 weeks post-treatment); on-treatment response was also assessed. Patients (N = 16; 13 male; mean age: 54 years [range, 43-73]) were chronically infected with HCV genotype (GT) 1 (1a, n = 11; 1b, n = 3) or 4 (n = 2); they had advanced fibrosis or compensated cirrhosis (FibroScan, 9.6-70 kPa; cirrhosis, n = 9); median baseline HCV-RNA level was 1.38 x 10(6) IU/mL. No patient discontinued treatment because of adverse events or virological failure. All patients achieved HCV RNA below lower limit of quantification (

Pubmed : 26853230