Reduced risk of hepatocellular carcinoma by achieving a subcirrhotic liver stiffness through antiviral agents in hepatitis B virus-related advanced fibrosis or cirrhosis

2017 Journal of gastroenterology and hepatology In Press;

BACKGROUND&AIMS: A subcirrhotic range of liver stiffness (sc-LS), assessed by transient elastography, is associated with better outcomes in patients with chronic hepatitis B (CHB). We investigated whether the achievement of sc-LS by antiviral therapy (AVT) reduced the risk of developing hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) in patients with CHB-related advanced fibrosis or cirrhosis. METHODS: In total, 209 patients with CHB-related advanced fibrosis or cirrhosis, who received paired transient elastography (TE) examinations during AVT between 2007 and 2012, were enrolled. The cut-off LS value for ultrasonographic cirrhosis was defined as 11.6 kPa. RESULTS: The median age of the study population was 51 years, with males predominating (n=138, 66.0%). The median LS value at enrollment was 14.1 kPa (interquartile range: 9.5-24.1 kPa). After 2 years of AVT, 140 (67.0%) patients achieved sc-LS. During the study period, 28 (13.4%) patients developed HCC after 2 years of AVT. On multivariate analysis, the achievement of sc-LS after AVT was independently associated with a decreased risk of HCC development (HR=0.485, P=0.047), whereas older age (HR=1.071) and male gender (HR=3.704) were independently associated with an increased HCC risk (both P

Pubmed : 28666070