Real-time tissue elastography versus FibroScan for noninvasive assessment of liver fibrosis in chronic liver disease

2009 Ultraschall in der Medizin 30;5 (478-484)

PURPOSE: Transient elastography (FibroScan, [TE]) and serum fibrosis markers such as the FibroTest (FT) are established methods for the noninvasive staging of liver fibrosis. A study using real-time elastography (HI-RTE), which is integrated in a conventional ultrasound system, was recently published with comparable results to transient elastography. The aim of the present study was to validate real-time elastography using the formulas calculated in previous studies and to compare the results to transient elastography and FibroTest for the noninvasive assessment of liver fibrosis. MATERIALS AND METHODS: One hundred and thirty-four patients with chronic liver disease and either histological assessment of liver fibrosis (n = 112) or proven liver cirrhosis (n = 22) were included in the study. All patients received TE, HI-RTE, and biochemical evaluation on the same day as presentation. The calculation of the elasticity score of real-time elastography was performed in accordance with the two previously published studies. RESULTS: The Spearman correlation coefficient between transient elastography, real-time elastography and FibroTest with the histological Chevallier score was statistically significant with 0.78, 0.34, and 0.67, respectively (p or = 2), and 0.97, 0.65, and 0.83 for the diagnosis of cirrhosis, respectively. CONCLUSION: Real-time elastography in its present form cannot replace transient elastography for noninvasive assessment of liver fibrosis.

Pubmed : 19813157