Prevalence and predictors of liver steatosis and fibrosis in unselected patients with HIV mono-infection

2016 Digestive & Liver Disease 48;12 (1471-1477)

OBJECTIVES: Significant liver disease may develop in HIV mono-infected patients, usually associated with fatty liver and/or cART exposure. We estimated the prevalence and predictors of hepatic steatosis and fibrosis as assessed by ultrasound and transient elastography (TE). METHODS: We enrolled 125 consecutive HIV mono-infected patients who underwent ultrasound and TE. Clinical, biochemical, immunological, virological features and medication history were analysed. RESULTS: Mean age was 39.5+/-10.3years and 91% were male. Metabolic syndrome (MS) was present in 9.8%, diabetes in 5.6%, hypertension in 9.7%, dyslipidemia in 32.8%. Increased AST and ALT were found in 5.6% and 16.8% respectively. Eighty-five (68%) patients were on cART (median length of treatment of 3 years, IQR 0-17). Hepatic steatosis was detected in 61 (55%) patients and was independently associated with male sex (OR 14.6, 95% CI 1.44-148.17), age (OR 1.082, 95% CI 1.01-1.16), HOMA (OR 2.56, 95% CI 1.101-5.96) and GGT (OR 1.037, 95% CI 1.007-1.075). Significant fibrosis (stiffness>7.4kPa) was present in 22 patients (17.6%) and was significantly associated with MS (OR 3.99, 95% CI 1.001-16.09). CONCLUSIONS: Liver fibrosis can develop in asymptomatic HIV mono-infected patients. This is likely associated with NAFLD and usually manifests with normal transaminases. Non-invasive screening for the presence of NAFLD and fibrosis should be considered in the routine care of such patients.

Pubmed : 27623186