Performance of transient elastography (TE) and factors associated with discordance in non-alcoholic fatty liver disease

2013 Journal of Digestive Diseases 14;11 (604-610)

OBJECTIVE: To determine the accuracy of transient elastography (TE) and factors associated with discordance between TE and liver histology in patients with non-alcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD). METHODS: The accuracy of TE was assessed and compared with the aspartate aminotransferase-to-platelet ratio index (APRI) in patients with histologically proven NAFLD. Factors associated with discordance between liver histology and TE were analyzed. RESULTS: Altogether 131 patients with a mean age of 49.9 years, including 69 men and 62 women, with NAFLD underwent liver stiffness measurement (LSM) by TE. Among all patients, 120 (91.6%) had a successful LSM with an interquartile to median ratio of 0.15. The accuracy of TE in detecting >/=F3 and F4 fibrosis, assessed by the area under the receiver operating characteristic curve, were 0.77 and 0.95, respectively. The sensitivity and specificity of the optimal LSM cut-off values for detecting >/=F3 fibrosis (sensitivity 70.4% and specificity 66.6%) and F4 (sensitivity 87.5% and specificity 89.3%) were modest, but better than those of APRI. Discordance between TE and histology for fibrosis grading was observed in 22.5% of patients, but it could not be explained by body mass index, alanine aminotransferase level, the length of the biopsied specimens or the grade of steatosis. CONCLUSION: TE plays an important role in the detection of advanced fibrosis and cirrhosis in patients with NAFLD and its accuracy does not appear to be influenced by components of the disease.

Pubmed : 23859493