Performance and utility of transient elastography and noninvasive markers of liver fibrosis in primary biliary cirrhosis

2011 Digestive & Liver Disease 43;11 (887-892)

BACKGROUND: The performance of transient elastography in primary biliary cirrhosis has yet to be fully established. AIM: To assess: (1) the performance of transient elastography in identifying significant fibrosis in primary biliary cirrhosis by comparison with surrogate markers (AST platelet ratio index (APRI), FIB-4, Fibroindex, Forns, aspartate aminotransferase/alanine aminotransferase ratio); (2) the correlation between liver stiffness and Mayo score prognostic index. METHODS: One hundred and twenty patients with primary biliary cirrhosis were consecutively enrolled. The performance of each marker and of liver stiffness was compared with histological staging and METAVIR at time of liver biopsy. RESULTS: The area under receiver operating characteristic (ROC) of liver stiffness were 0.87, 0.88, 0.99 for histological stage >/=II, >/=III and =IV and 0.89, 0.92, 0.99 for METAVIR >/=2, >/=3 and =4. Transient elastography alone proved better able in identifying any grade of fibrosis or cirrhosis than noninvasive markers. Combining each surrogate marker with transient elastography did not improve the area under ROC. Transient elastography correlated positively with the Mayo score (P

Pubmed : 21783442