Noninvasive tools and risk of clinically significant portal hypertension and varices in compensated cirrhosis: The Anticipate" study"

2016 Hepatology 64;6 (2173-2184)

In patients with compensated advanced chronic liver disease (cACLD), the presence of clinically significant portal hypertension (CSPH) and varices needing treatment (VNT) bears prognostic and therapeutic implications. Our aim was to develop noninvasive tests-based risk prediction models to provide a point-of-care risk assessment of cACLD patients. We analyzed 518 patients with cACLD from five centers in Europe/Canada with paired noninvasive tests (liver stiffness measurement [LSM] by transient elastography, platelet count, and spleen diameter with calculation of liver stiffness to spleen/platelet score [LSPS] score and platelet-spleen ratio [PSR]) and endoscopy/hepatic venous pressure gradient measurement. Risk of CSPH, varices, and VNT was modeled with logistic regression. All noninvasive tests reliably identified patients with high risk of CSPH, and LSPS had the highest discrimination. LSPS values above 2.65 were associated with risks of CSPH above 80%. None of the tests identified patients with very low risk of all-size varices, but both LSPS and a model combining TE and platelet count identified patients with very low risk (

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