Nonalcoholic Fatty liver disease in renal transplant recipients proven by transient elastography

2014 Transplantation Proceedings 46;5 (1347-1352)

BACKGROUND: The increasing recognition of the importance of nonalcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) and its strong association with the metabolic syndrome has stimulated interest in the putative role of NAFLD in the development and progression of cardiovascular disease. Furthermore, recent studies investigated the association of NAFLD and chronic kidney disease. We analyzed the incidence of NAFLD diagnosed by transient elastography (TE) in renal transplant recipients (RTRs). We also assessed whether TE-defined NAFLD is associated with decreased graft function in RTRs. METHODS: Our study included 73 RTRs with a functioning graft for more than 1 year. Liver stiffness was used to assess liver fibrosis and the controlled attenuation parameter (CAP) was used to detect and quantify liver steatosis by using TE (Fibroscan, Echosense, Paris, France). Therefore, with CAP being implemented on TE, both steatosis and fibrosis could be evaluated simultaneously. According to this evaluation, NAFLD was defined by the presence of steatosis with CAP values >/=238 dB.m(-1) regardless of presence or absence of any stage of fibrosis. RESULTS: According to the TE findings, NAFLD was present in 57.5% of RTRs. We have found that the severity of liver steatosis was positively correlated with serum creatinine levels (r = 0.664; P

Pubmed : 24836834