Non-invasive liver fibrosis assessment and HCV treatment initiation within a systematic screening program in HIV/HCV coinfected patients

2017 Wiener Klinische Wochenschrift In Press;

BACKGROUND AND AIM: Hepatitis C virus (HCV) therapy should be considered without delay in all patients with significant (SIGFIB) or advanced liver fibrosis (ADVFIB). We aimed to investigate the rates of treatment initiation with interferon-free regimens within a screening program for SIGFIB/ADVFIB in human immunodeficiency virus/HCV coinfected patients (HIV/HCV). METHODS: The FIB-4 was calculated in all HIV/HCV from 2014-2016. HIV/HCV were counselled by the HIV clinic and referred to the Division of Gastroenterology and Hepatology for transient elastography (TE) and evaluation for HCV therapy. Patients were stratified by FIB-4 of >/=1.45 (established cut-off for ruling out ADVFIB) and SIGFIB/ADVFIB were defined by liver stiffness >7.1 kPa/>9.5 kPa, respectively. RESULTS: Among 1348 HIV+ patients, 16% (210/1348) had detectable HCV-RNA. One hundred HIV/HCV had a FIB-4 >/=1.45. Among these, 57% (57/100) underwent TE. The majority of these patients had SIGFIB (75%; 43/57) or ADVFIB (37%; 21/57), however, interferon-free treatment was initiated in only 56% (24/43). In addition, fifty-two percent (57/110) of HIV/HCV with FIB-4

Pubmed : 28744597