Non-invasive assessment of liver fibrosis in patients with chronic hepatitis B

2013 Hepatology International 7;2 (356-368)

In patients with chronic hepatitis B (CHB), liver fibrosis assessment is essential not only for determining prognosis but also for identifying patients who should receive treatment. Liver biopsy is limited by its invasiveness and sampling error. To explore effective non-invasive methods for liver fibrosis assessment, we reviewed international literature published over the past decade that focused on patients with CHB. Biomarker panels such as API, FIB-4, Forns Index, HepaScore, FibroMeter, FibroTest, Zeng Index and Hui Index detect advanced fibrosis and cirrhosis with fairly satisfactory accuracy with area under the receiver-operating characteristics curve higher than 0.85. However, most panels and the suggested cutoffs have not been independently validated. Transient elastography is accurate in detecting advanced fibrosis and cirrhosis, and the relative cutoffs have been defined. False-positive results may, however, occur in cases of active necroinflammation and cholestasis. Other promising imaging methods such as acoustic radiation force impulse and magnetic resonance elastography still require further validating studies. We conclude that transient elastography, FibroTest and API are the most widely validated. Transient elastography has been validated as the most useful non-invasive method for liver fibrosis assessment. To improve non-invasive performance of detecting liver fibrosis, a combined application of transient elastography and biomarkers may be the preferred course of action.

Pubmed : 26201770