Mortality Rates in Patients With Chronic Hepatitis C and Cirrhosis Compared With the General Population: A Danish Cohort Study

2017 The Journal of Infectious Diseases 215;2 (192-201)

Background: Knowledge about mortality rates (MRs) in patients with chronic hepatitis C (CHC) with cirrhosis is limited. This study aimed to estimate all-cause MRs among patients with CHC with or without cirrhosis in Denmark compared with the general population. Methods: Patients registered in the Danish Database for Hepatitis B and C with CHC and a liver fibrosis assessment were eligible for inclusion. Liver fibrosis was assessed by means of liver biopsy, transient elastography, and clinical cirrhosis. Up to 20 sex- and age-matched individuals per patient were identified in the general population. Data were extracted from nationwide registries. Results: A total of 3410 patients with CHC (1014 with cirrhosis), and 67 315 matched individuals were included. Adjusted MR ratios (MRRs) between patients with or without cirrhosis and their comparison cohorts were 5.64 (95% confidence interval [CI], 4.76-6.67) and 1.94 (1.55-2.42), respectively. Cirrhosis among patients was associated with an MRR of 4.03 (95% CI, 3.43-4.72). A cure for CHC was associated with an MRR of 0.64 (95% CI, 0.40-1.01) among cirrhotic patients and 2.33 (1.47-3.67) compared with the general population. Conclusions: MRs were high among patients with CHC with or without cirrhosis compared with the general population. Curing CHC was associated with a reduction in MR among cirrhotic patients, but the MR remained higher than the general population.

Pubmed : 27803168