Low serum hyaluronic acid levels associated with spontaneous HBsAg clearance

2015 European Journal of Clinical Microbiology & Infect 34;11 (2183-2189)

PURPOSE: The pathophysiological underlying mechanism of spontaneous HBsAg clearance in hepatitis B virus (HBV) infected patients is largely unknown. However, serum hyaluronic acid (sHA) plays a role in liver fibrosis progression and reversely could serve as a potential biomarker for HBsAg clearance. This study investigates whether low sHA is associated with HBsAg loss in non-Asian HBV patients. METHODS: Non-Asian women living in Amsterdam with known chronic HBV infection between 1990-2003 were invited for a single follow-up visit at the Municipal Health Service Amsterdam between September 2011 to May 2012. Serum hyaluronic acid and liver stiffness measurement together with clinical evaluation, biochemical and virologic blood tests were performed. RESULTS: Of the 160 women, HBsAg loss occurred in 38 (23 %) patients between diagnosis and follow-up. sHA levels were lower in HBsAg negative patients compared to HBsAg positive patients (14.5 [9.4-27.2] ng/mL vs 25.0 [12.3-42.5] ng/mL, p 8.1 kPa) was diagnosed in 3 % in HBsAg negative patients compared to 10 % in HBsAg positive patients (p = 0.15). CONCLUSION: Serum HA levels are lower in patients who experience spontaneous HBsAg loss compared to HBsAg positive patients.

Pubmed : 26292936