Liver Steatosis Assessed by Controlled Attenuation Parameter (CAP) Measured with the XL Probe of the FibroScan: A Pilot Study Assessing Diagnostic Accuracy

2016 Ultrasound in Medicine and Biology 42;1 (92-103)

To assess liver steatosis, the controlled attenuation parameter (CAP; giving an estimate of ultrasound attenuation approximately 3.5 MHz) is available with the M probe of the FibroScan. We report on the adaptation of the CAP for the FibroScan XL probe (center frequency 2.5 MHz) without modifying the range of values (100-400 dB/m). CAP validation was successfully performed on Field II simulations and on tissue-mimicking phantoms. In vivo performance was assessed in a cohort of 59 patients spanning the range of steatosis. In vivo reproducibility was good and similar with both probes. The area under receiver operative characteristic curve was equal to 0.83/0.84 and 0.92/0.91 for the M/XL probes to detect >2% and >16% liver fat, respectively, as assessed by magnetic resonance imaging. Patients can now be assessed simultaneously for steatosis and fibrosis using the FibroScan, regardless of their morphology.

Pubmed : 26386476