Increasing aortic stiffness is predictive of advanced liver fibrosis in patients with type 2 diabetes: the Rio-T2DM cohort study

2016 Liver International 36;7 (977-985)

BACKGROUND & AIMS: Type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) is a risk factor for cardiovascular disease (CVD) and advanced stages of non-alcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD). The aim was to evaluate the association between aortic stiffness, a preclinical CVD marker, with advanced liver fibrosis identified by transient elastography (TE) in T2DM outpatients with NAFLD. METHODS: This longitudinal study included 291 T2DM patients with NAFLD detected by ultrasonography, who had two carotid-femoral pulse wave velocity (cf-PWV) measurements and a TE examination (Fibroscan((R)) ) performed over a median follow-up of 7 years. Advanced liver fibrosis (corresponding to >/= F3 stage) was considered as median values >7.9 kPa (M probe) or >7.2 kPa (XL probe). Increased aortic stiffness was defined as cf-PWV >10 m/s. RESULTS: Eighty patients (27.5%) had advanced liver fibrosis. Overall, there was an increase in cf-PWV of 0.1 m/s/year (1% per year). Both a high aortic stiffness at the 2nd cf-PWV examination [odds ratios (OR): 3.0; 95% CI: 1.3-7.2; P = 0.011] and a serial increase in aortic stiffness (OR: 2.1; 95% CI: 1.0-4.3; P = 0.046) were associated with increased odds of having advanced liver fibrosis. Patients who presented either an increase in aortic stiffness or persisted with high values had significantly higher mean liver stiffness than those who either decreased aortic stiffness or persisted with normal cf-PWV values (mean difference: 2.1 kPa, 95% CI: 0.5-3.7 kPa, P = 0.012), after adjustments for anthropometric-demographic and clinical laboratory covariates. CONCLUSIONS: In T2DM patients with NAFLD, a high or increasing aortic stiffness predicted development of advanced liver fibrosis on TE.

Pubmed : 26509555