Impact of Il28b-related single nucleotide polymorphisms on liver transient elastography in chronic hepatitis C infection

2013 PLoS ONE 8;11 (e80172)

BACKGROUND AND AIMS: Recently, several genome-wide association studies have revealed that single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) in proximity to IL28B predict spontaneous clearance of hepatitis C virus (HCV) infection as well as outcome following pegylated interferon and ribavirin therapy among genotype 1 infected patients. Additionally the presence of the otherwise favorable IL28B genetic variants in the context of HCV genotype 3 infection reportedly entail more pronounced liver fibrosis and steatosis. The present study aimed to evaluate the impact of IL28B SNP variability on liver stiffness as accessed by transient elastography. METHODS: Seven hundred and seventy-one Swedish HCV infected patients sequentially undergoing liver stiffness measurement by means of Fibroscan(R) in the context of a real-life trial had samples available for IL28B genotyping (rs12979860) and HCV genotyping. RESULTS: CC(rs12979860) was more common among HCV genotype 2 or 3 infected treatment-naive patients than among those infected with genotype 1 (P

Pubmed : 24244641