Hepatitis activity should be considered a confounder of liver stiffness measured with MR elastography

2015 Journal of Magnetic Resonance Imaging 41;5 (1203-1208)

PURPOSE: To evaluate the effect of hepatitis activity on liver stiffness measurements and the role of serum alanine aminotransferase (ALT) in liver fibrosis staging by MR elastography (MRE). MATERIALS AND METHODS: We measured liver stiffness (kPa) in 135 patients by MRE and histologically assessed fibrosis and hepatitis activity within 2 months. Stepwise multiple linear regression was performed to determine the maximum adjusted R(2) against liver stiffness, after adjusting for nothing (model 1), ALT/upper limit of normal categories (model 2), and hepatitis activity (A grade) by METAVIR (model 3). Logistic regression was used to identify independent factors associated with pathologically proven cirrhosis. RESULTS: Platelet count and METAVIR F score were strongly associated with liver stiffness. The adjusted R(2) value of model 3 (0.7026) was higher than those of models 1 (0.6472) and 2 (0.6564), showing that hepatitis activity affected liver stiffness measurement. High ALT levels (odds ratio, 0.0066; P = 0.0003) as well as MRE (odds ratio, 9.91; P

Pubmed : 24889753