Evaluation of transient elastography in assessing liver fibrosis in patients with advanced schistosomiasis japonica

2018 Parasitol Int In Press;

Schistosomiasis remains an important public health issue. The presence and extent of liver fibrosis are associated with disease progression and prognosis. The study is aimed at exploring the value of liver stiffness measurement (LSM) by transient elastography in assessing liver fibrosis in patients with advanced schistosomiasis japonica. Seventy-three patients were consecutively recruited for the purpose of this study. The correlation between noninvasive parameters and histological fibrosis stages was analyzed and an area under receiver operating characteristic curve (AUROC) was used to assess diagnostic efficacy. Our results demonstrated that there are significant differences between LSM values of patients with different stages of fibrosis (F1 vs. F2, F2 vs. F3 and F3 vs. F4, P/=2), advanced fibrosis (F>/=3) and cirrhosis (F=4) were 0.96, 0.90, and 0.92 respectively. The optimal cut-off LSM values were 8.0kPa, 9.5kPa, and 18.0kPa for significant fibrosis, advanced fibrosis and cirrhosis. Based on differences between AUROC values, LSM was proven to be superior to several serum models in detecting advanced fibrosis and cirrhosis. In conclusion, our study demonstrates that LSM is a reliable parameter for assessing risk of liver fibrosis in patients with advanced schistosomiasis japonica.

Pubmed