Etiology-related determinants of liver stiffness values in chronic viral hepatitis B or C

2011 Journal of Hepatology 54;4 (621-628)

BACKGROUND & AIMS: Transient elastography (TE) has gained popularity for the non-invasive assessment of severity of chronic viral hepatitis, but a comprehensive evaluation of the factors that might account for discrepancy in diagnostic accuracy between TE and the standard of care liver biopsy (LB) is still needed. METHODS: Patients with chronic hepatitis-B (HBV, n=104) or -C (HCV, n=453) underwent percutaneous LB concomitantly with TE (FibroScan(R); Echosens, Paris, France). Liver cell necroinflammatory activity (A) and fibrosis (F) were assessed by METAVIR. Perisinusoidal fibrosis was rated with a 0-3 score. Determinants of TE results were investigated by a linear regression model whereas discordance between TE and LB results was assessed by logistic regression. RESULTS: Fibrosis (p60years vs.2 UNL AST and>2 UNL GGT, as well as severe/moderate necroinflammatory activity and severe/moderate steatosis in HCV. In the latter patients, however, moderate/severe necroinflammatory activity and steatosis were the only independent predictors of fibrosis overestimation. CONCLUSIONS: Fibrosis and necroinflammatory activity are the main determinants of TE in chronic viral hepatitis. Since TE staging of fibrosis is influenced by necroinflammatory activity and steatosis, a diagnostic LB is deemed necessary for a reliable intra-patient TE monitoring of the course of viral hepatitis.

Pubmed : 21146243