ELF-test less accurately identifies liver cirrhosis diagnosed by liver stiffness measurement in non-Asian women with chronic hepatitis B

2014 Journal of Clinical Virology 61;4 (503-508)

BACKGROUND: The enhanced liver fibrosis test (ELF-test) has been validated for several hepatic diseases. However, its performance in chronic hepatitis B virus (CHB) infected patients is uncertain. OBJECTIVE: This study investigates the diagnostic value of the ELF test for cirrhosis identified by liver stiffness measurement (LSM) in non-Asian women with CHB. STUDY DESIGN: Women of non-Asian origin with perinatally acquired CHB infection, detected during pregnancy in the period 1990-2003, returned to our center between September 2011 and May 2012 for LSM and blood sampling to perform an ELF test and to calculate, APRI and FIB-4 scores. Fibrosis stages were classified by the METAVIR system. RESULTS: A total of 119 women were included in this study with a median age of 43 years, all ALT levels being /=F3, i.e. liver stiffness >8.1kPa), however in only 4 (3%) patients there was an agreement between LSM and ELF test. With LSM as reference, the area under receiver operating characteristic curve (AUROC) for detection of >/=F3 fibrosis was for ELF 0.65 (95% CI 0.51-0.80; p=0.06), APRI 0.66 (0.50-0.82; p=0.07) and FIB-4 0.66 (0.49-0.82; p=0.07). CONCLUSION: The ELF test less accurately discriminates severe fibrosis or cirrhosis when compared to LSM in our cohort of non-Asian women with CHB.

Pubmed : 25467860