Efficacy of prolonged tenofovir therapy on hepatitis delta in HIV-infected patients

2014 Aids 28;16 (2389-2394)

BACKGROUND: Hepatitis delta virus (HDV) produces the most severe form of chronic viral hepatitis. We explored whether prolonged tenofovir exposure might be beneficial on hepatitis delta in HIV-infected patients. METHODS: All HIV-infected patients with hepatitis delta followed at our institution since year 2000 were retrospectively examined. Serum HBV-DNA and HDV-RNA were quantified using commercial assays. Liver fibrosis was measured using elastometry. RESULTS: A total of 19 HIV/delta patients were identified. All were viremic for HDV and 11 for HBV. After a median tenofovir exposure of 58 months, all had undetectable HBV-DNA and 10 (53%) had undetectable HDV-RNA. The median drop in HDV-RNA in the remaining nine HDV viremic patients at the end of follow-up was 2.4 log copies/ml. A reduction above 30% in liver stiffness occurred in six out 10 (60%) patients who achieved undetectable HDV-RNA, whereas hepatic stiffness did not change in the remaining HDV viremic patients (P = 0.03). Serum HBsAg concentrations did not decline significantly, although HBsAg seroclearance occurred in three patients, all of whom became negative for HDV-RNA. CONCLUSION: Long-term exposure to tenofovir significantly reduced serum HDV-RNA apart from completely suppressing HBV-DNA in HIV-infected patients with hepatitis delta. This virological benefit is accompanied by significant improvements in liver fibrosis.

Pubmed : 25111082