Cytokeratin 18-Aspartate396 apoptotic fragment for fibrosis detection in patients with non-alcoholic fatty liver disease and chronic viral hepatitis

2016 Digestive & Liver Disease 48;1 (55-61)

BACKGROUND: The combination of non-invasive markers for the detection of fibrosis in patients with chronic liver diseases is still a matter of debate. AIMS: To test the performance of cytokeratin18-Aspartate396 alone or in combination with transient elastography as a marker of fibrosis, compared to liver biopsy as gold standard. METHODS: In 259 prospectively enrolled patients with chronic liver diseases, clinical, biochemical, and histological features were assessed. Serum cytokeratin18-Aspartate396 and Fibroscan were performed within 6 months prior to liver biopsy. RESULTS: Cytokeratin18-Aspartate396 levels predicted both significant and advanced fibrosis in non-alcoholic fatty liver disease group, correctly identifying 83.7% and 80.8% of cases, respectively. Liver stiffness performed best in predicting severe fibrosis in patients with chronic viral infection, correctly identifying 78.7% of chronic hepatitis B and 88.6% of chronic hepatitis C subjects. The combination of cytokeratin18-Aspartate396 and liver stiffness improved their diagnostic performance for the detection of significant and advanced fibrosis in non-alcoholic fatty liver disease group, only (sensitivity=78.3%, specificity=90.7%; sensitivity=91.7%, specificity=71.6%, respectively). CONCLUSION: Cytokeratin18-Aspartate396 and liver stiffness can improve the non-invasive prediction of significant and advanced fibrosis in patients with non-alcoholic fatty liver disease, while in hepatitis B and C virus infected patients their combined use had no advantage over the diagnostic accuracy of transient elastography alone.

Pubmed : 26514735