Correlation between changes in liver stiffness and preeclampsia as shown by transient elastography

2016 Hypertension in Pregnancy In press;(1-6)

OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to evaluate the use of Fibroscan as a measure of liver transient elastography in women with preeclampsia and compare the results with a group of normotensive controls. MATERIALS AND METHODS: In this prospective observational case-control study, women at 24-41 weeks gestation who were diagnosed with preeclampsia using standard criteria, between January 2012 and December 2013, were included. The Fibroscan test was performed by a hepatologist 1-7 days postpartum. A control group consisted of low-risk women with normal pregnancy outcomes. RESULTS: Fibroscan results for fibrosis were significantly higher in the 32 preeclamptic women compared to the 16 normotensive women (mean 4.57 kPa vs. 3.66 kPa respectively, P = 0.01). There was no difference in liver steatosis between women with preeclampsia and normotensive women (226 vs. 225 kPa, respectively, P = 0.442) Conclusions: Fibroscan results for fibrosis were significantly higher in postpartum preeclamptic women (although within the normal range). Further studies are required in order to evaluate the usefulness of Fibroscan as an additional test in the evaluation and management of preeclampsia.

Pubmed : 27391875