Comparative Study of Fib-4 Index and Transient Elastography among Patients with Chronic Hepatitis C Virus Infection in Georgia

2017 Georgian Medical News 264 (81-86)

Liver biopsy remains the reference standard for fibrosis staging. However, it has several limitations, which have led to the development of non-invasive methods. We evaluated liver fibrosis severity among HCV infected patients by comparing transient elastography (TE) and FIB-4 index. Retrospective study was conducted. Clinical data for 750 patients were obtained. The mean age of the study population was 51 years; 595 (79.3%) were male and 155 (20.7%) were female. TE and tests on biological samples were performed within one-week timeframe. Additional analyses of prothrombin index, albumin concentration, splenomegaly on abdominal ultrasound and esophageal varices on upper gastrointestinal endoscopy were performed among selected patients. Comparable results were observed among 534 patients (71.2%). FIB-43.25 had a positive predictive value of 100 % to confirm the existence of significant fibrosis. Inconclusive FIB-4 score was obtained in 170 (22.7%) patients. Of them 127 (74.7%) had significant fibrosis (F3-F4) by TE. Discordant results (FIB-4 9.5 kpa) were observed in 46 (6.1%) of patients. Low prothrombin index, low albumin concentration, splenomegaly and esophageal varices were significantly (p

Pubmed : 28480856