COMP serum levels: A new non-invasive biomarker of liver fibrosis in patients with chronic viral hepatitis

2017 European Journal of Internal Medicine 38;(83-88)

BACKGROUND & AIMS: Recently we have shown that cartilage oligomeric matrix protein (COMP), a fibrillar collagen assembly regulator, is strongly associated with cirrhosis and hepatocellular carcinoma progression. Therefore, we assessed whether serum COMP levels can be used as a non-invasive fibrosis marker in patients with chronic viral hepatitis (CVH) and compared this marker with standard methods for disease stage assessment [histology, transient elastography (TE), APRI, FIB-4]. METHODS: Sera from 116 CVH patients, 66 HBV [24 female; median age 53(22-76)] and 50 HCV [21 female; median age 48.5(25-69)] were investigated by COMP-ELISA. APRI and FIB-4 score was calculated in all along with TE. Liver biopsy was performed in 61. Patients were divided into two groups (F1/F2 and F3/F4) according to Metavir score. RESULTS: 55/116 (47%) CVH patients were classified in F3/F4-group according to TE [14.3(9.3-75)kPa]. APRI score was >1.5 in 21/116 and FIB-4>3.25 in 20/116. Liver histology revealed 24/61 (39%) patients with significant fibrosis (stage 3-4), while 12/61 (19.7%) had cirrhosis. COMP levels correlated with TE measurements (r=0.5; p

Pubmed : 28100410