Clinical Implications of the Serum Apelin Level on Portal Hypertension and Prognosis of Liver Cirrhosis

2016 Gut Liver 10;1 (109-116)

BACKGROUND/AIMS: Levels of serum apelin (s-apelin), an endogenous ligand for angiotensin-like receptor 1, have been shown to be related to hepatic fibrosis and hemodynamic abnormalities in preclinical studies. We investigated the clinical implications of s-apelin as a noninvasive prognostic biomarker for chronic liver disease (CLD). METHODS: From January 2009 to December 2012, 215 CLD patients were enrolled and underwent clinical data collection, hepatic venous pressure gradient (HVPG) measurement, and liver biopsy. s-apelin was detected with a human total apelin enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay kit. All patients were prospectively observed during the median follow-up period of 23.0+/-12.9 months for decompensation and mortality. RESULTS: A total of 42 patients (19.5%) died during the follow-up period. s-apelin was significantly correlated with measurements of liver stiffness (R2=0.263, p

Pubmed : 25963087