Bacterial endotoxin and non-alcoholic fatty liver disease in the general population: a prospective cohort study

2015 Alimentary Pharmacology & Therapeutics 42;6 (731-740)

BACKGROUND: Patients with non-alcoholic steatohepatitis (NASH) have increased intestinal permeability and small intestine bacterial overgrowth. AIMS: To test the hypothesis that endotoxemia is associated with non-alcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) in the general population, and to study dietary factors associated with endotoxemia. METHODS: Nine hundred and twenty adults were randomly selected from the government's census database and underwent proton-magnetic resonance spectroscopy to assess hepatic steatosis. Endotoxemia was assessed using the limulus amebocyte lysate, lipopolysaccharide-binding protein (LBP) and EndoCab immunoglobulin G (IgG) assays. RESULTS: Two hundred and sixty-three (29%) subjects had NAFLD. Subjects with NAFLD had slightly higher LBP (P

Pubmed : 26202818