Association of fetuin B with markers of liver fibrosis in nonalcoholic fatty liver disease

2017 Endocrine 58;2 (246-252)

OBJECTIVE: The liver-derived plasma protein fetuin B is associated with nonalcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) and impaired glucose homeostasis in mice. However, its association with non-invasive ultrasound- and magnetic resonance (MR)-based markers of liver fibrosis and steatosis, the enhanced liver fibrosis (ELF) score, liver biopsy, as well as rs738409 in PNPLA3, has not been elucidated in NAFLD, so far. DESIGN AND METHODS: The association of circulating fetuin B and transient elastography (TE), controlled attenuation parameter (CAP), (1)H-MR-spectroscopy, the ELF score, liver biopsy, as well as risk alleles in rs738409 in PNPLA3, was studied in 101 NAFLD patients as compared to 15 healthy controls. RESULTS: Serum fetuin B levels did not differ between NAFLD patients and controls (p = 0.863). Fetuin B was independently and negatively associated with transient elastography liver stiffness measurement (LSM) (p = 0.002), but not with the steatosis markers CAP or (1)H-MR-spectroscopy. Fetuin B serum concentrations were significantly lower in individuals with LSM > 7.0 kPa as compared to patients with LSM