Association between anthropometric parameters and measurements of liver stiffness by transient elastography

2013 Clinical Gastroenterology & Hepatology 11;3 (295-302 e291-293)

BACKGROUND & AIMS: We investigated the association between anthropometric parameters and results of liver stiffness measurements (LSMs) by transient elastography in healthy subjects and patients with nonalcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD). METHODS: We analyzed anthropometric and LSM data from 658 healthy subjects (37% male; mean age, 47 +/- 11 years; body mass index [BMI], 21.8 +/- 3.0 kg/m(2); LSM, 4.4 +/- 1.6 kPa) and 247 patients with biopsy-proven NAFLD (50% male; mean age, 48 +/- 11 years; BMI, 28.6 +/- 6.5 kg/m(2); LSM, 9.6 +/- 8.7 kPa). Healthy subjects were defined as individuals without viral hepatitis, alcoholic liver disease, or NAFLD. We investigated associations between anthropometric parameters, including BMI and waist circumference, and LSM. RESULTS: LSMs were slightly higher among healthy subjects with BMIs = 18.5 kg/m(2) (n = 84, 4.8 +/- 1.5 kPa) and BMIs of 25-29.9 kg/m(2) (n = 76, 5.3 +/- 2.2 kPa) than those with BMIs of 18.5-24.9 kg/m(2) (n = 492, 4.5 +/- 1.9 kPa; P = .16 by analysis of variance). Among patients with NAFLD of Brunt fibrosis stage 0 or 1, LSMs were lowest among those with BMIs of 18.5-24.9 kg/m(2) (stage 0: n = 34, 5.5 +/- 2.2 kPa; stage 1: n = 18, 7.2 +/- 3.8 kPa). LSMs were higher among those with BMIs of 25-29.9 kg/m(2) (stage 0: n = 41, 6.1 +/- 1.3 kPa; stage 1: n = 26, 7.9 +/- 3.5 kPa) and highest for those with BMIs >/=30 kg/m(2) (stage 0: n = 13, 8.5 +/- 2.2 kPa; stage 1: n = 22, 11.7 +/- 5.2 kPa) (P /=30 kg/m(2) is associated with higher LSMs in patients with NAFLD, after adjusting for fibrosis stage.

Pubmed : 23022698