Assessment of transient elastography in Japanese patients with non-alcoholic fatty liver disease

2017 Hepatology Research 47;9 (882-889)

AIM: Transient elastography (TE) is a non-invasive method for predicting liver fibrosis. However, there are limited data regarding the performance of TE in Japanese patients with non-alcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD). We aimed to evaluate the association between liver stiffness measurement (LSM) by TE and liver fibrosis stage, and define a cut-off value for predicting liver fibrosis. METHODS: A total of 171 Japanese patients with biopsy-proven NAFLD underwent LSM using TE with FibroScan. The area under the receiver operating characteristic curve of LSM and other non-invasive markers of liver fibrosis were compared to determine the most accurate method of predicting liver fibrosis. RESULTS: Liver stiffness measurement significantly correlated with fibrosis stage (P /=1 and >/=3 was 0.85 and 0.91, respectively and were higher than those of the aspartate aminotransferase/alanine aminotransferase ratio, aspartate aminotransferase to platelet ratio index, fibrosis-4 index, and NAFLD fibrosis score. The best cut-off values of LSM fibrosis stage >/=1 and >/=3 were 7.2 kPa (sensitivity 78.5%, specificity 78.3%) and 10.0 kPa (sensitivity 89.5%, specificity 87.6%), respectively. The combination of LSM (>/=10 kPa) and type IV collagen 7 s (>/=6.0 ng/mL) had a specificity of 97.6% for advanced fibrosis. The LSM in patients with high alanine aminotransferase levels or high body mass index was associated with false positive results regarding advanced fibrosis. CONCLUSIONS: In NAFLD patients, TE has excellent utility for the assessment of liver fibrosis, particularly for advanced stage cases. The cut-off value of LSM by TE for predicting liver fibrosis stage >/=3 is 10.0 kPa in Japanese NAFLD patients.

Pubmed : 27753194