Advanced liver fibrosis by transient elastography, fibrosis 4, and alanine aminotransferase/platelet ratio index among Asian hepatitis C with and without human immunodeficiency virus infection: role of vitamin D levels

2014 Journal of Gastroenterology & Hepatology 29;9 (1706-1714)

BACKGROUND AND AIM: Vitamin D insufficiency plays an important role in liver fibrosis in hepatitis C virus (HCV)-infected patients. We assessed liver fibrosis by transient elastography and 25 hydroxy vitamin D [25(OH)D] status in HCV-infected patients, with (HIV/HCV) or without HIV co-infection (HCV) from Thailand. METHODS: Fibrosis stage was defined as mild ( 14 kPa). Hypovitaminosis D was defined as 25(OH)D 1.45 (6.30, 2.70-14.74), P 1.45, and hypovitaminosis D are strong and independent predictors for the presence of advanced fibrosis in our HCV-infected patients. These data highlight the urgent need of HCV treatment and vitamin D supplement in resource-limited settings.

Pubmed : 24730732